physics & astronomy

Benne Holwerda

Date: 
Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Location: 
Zoom
Type of Event (for grouping events):

A Good Hard Look at Cosmic Supermassive Black Hole Growth

The 7 Ms Chandra X-ray Observatory exposure on the Chandra
Deep Field-South (CDF-S) has provided the most sensitive
extragalactic X-ray survey by a wide margin. About 1050
X-ray sources have been detected, primarily distant active
galactic nuclei (AGNs) and starburst/normal galaxies. The
unmatched deep multiwavelength coverage for these sources
allows superb follow-up investigations, revealing the
details of supermassive black hole growth over most of
cosmic time. I will briefly describe the sources in the
7 Ms CDF-S and highlight some exciting science results.
The latter will include (1) evidence for black-hole vs.
bulge co-evolution in the distant universe; (2) constraints
on supermassive black hole growth in the first galaxies as
revealed by direct detection and stacking; and (3) the
discovery of representatives of a new population of faint,
fast X-ray transient sources. Finally, I will discuss some
future prospects for X-ray surveys of AGNs in the distant
universe, including the ongoing 5 Ms XMM-SERVS survey of
the LSST Deep Drilling Fields and new X-ray missions.
Date: 
Thursday, August 27, 2020 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Location: 
Zoom
Type of Event (for grouping events):

Karen Leighly

Date: 
Thursday, November 12, 2020 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Location: 
Zoom
Type of Event (for grouping events):

Bridging the Gap Between Galaxy and Star Formation with Star Clusters

Over the past decades, the discovery of a large number of young massive clusters (YMCs) in the local Universe and giant clumps in high-z galaxies suggests that clustered star formation is the dominant star formation mode across cosmic time. Mass and energy feedback from these enormous clusters is inevitably responsible for shaping their host galaxies. In this talk, I will discuss the tight relationship between giant molecular clouds on small scales and galaxies on large scales and provide the first attempts to bring star formation and galaxy formation community together. On the one hand, the properties of YMCs and GMCs populations can be used to calibrate and help improve the current cosmological simulations. On the other hand, galaxy formation simulations provide the perfect initial conditions for the modeling GMCs in realistic environments. Finally, bringing together the collective wisdom from both galaxy and star formation, I will highlight some of my recent works on solving the mystery of the origin of globular cluster populations in the Universe.
Date: 
Thursday, September 17, 2020 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Location: 
Zoom
Type of Event (for grouping events):

Probing Magnetic Field Morphology in Galaxy Clusters with the Gradient Technique

Magnetic fields in the intracluster medium (ICM) affect the structure and the evolution of galaxy
clusters. However, their properties are largely unknown, and measuring magnetic fields in galaxy
clusters is challenging, especially on large-scales outside of individual radio sources. Here we
probe the plane-of-the-sky orientation of magnetic fields in clusters using the intensity gradients.
The technique is a branch of the Gradient Technique (GT) that employs emission intensity maps
from turbulent gas. We utilize the Chandra X-ray images of the Perseus, M 87, Coma, and
A2597 galaxy clusters, and the VLA radio observations of the synchrotron emission from
Perseus. We find that the fields predominantly follow the sloshing arms in Perseus, which is in
agreement with numerical simulations. The GT-predicted magnetic field shows signatures of
magnetic draping around rising bubbles driven by supermassive black hole (SMBH) feedback in
the centers of cool-core clusters, as well as draping around substructures merging with the Coma
cluster.
Date: 
Thursday, September 10, 2020 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Location: 
Zoom
Type of Event (for grouping events):

The Javalambre-Physics of the Accelerated Universe Astrophysical Survey, current status and preliminary results from the miniJPAS survey

The Javalambre-Physics of the Accelerated Universe Astrophysical Survey (J-PAS) is a narrow band, very wide field cosmological and astrophysical survey to be carried out from the Javalambre Astrophysical Observatory in Spain with a purpose-built, dedicated 2.5m telescope and a 5 sq.deg. 1.2Gpix camera. With first light obtained in June 2020, J-PAS plans to observe >8000sq.deg. of Northern Sky and measure sigma_z~0.003(1+z) photo-z for up to 9E7 LRG and ELG galaxies plus several million QSOs, sampling an effective volume of ~ 14 Gpc^3 up to z~1.3 reaching Stage IV radial BAO experiment. J-PAS is expected to detect ~7E5 galaxy clusters and groups, setting constraints on Dark Energy which rival those obtained from its BAO measurements. 

Thanks to the superb characteristics of the site (seeing ~0.7 arcsec), J-PAS is expected to obtain a deep, sub-arcsec multi-band image of the Northern sky, which combined with its unique photo-z precision will have an immense legacy value for almost all astrophysical areas. The key to the J-PAS potential is its innovative approach: a contiguous system of 54+2 filters with 145A width, placed 100A apart over a multi-degree FoV is a powerful "redshift machine", with the survey speed of a 4000 multiplexing low resolution spectrograph. Its commissioning camera, the PathFinder, has collected data since 2018 with all J-PAS filters of a variety of targets and fields, in particular of the AEGIS field (miniJPAS) as a proof of concept for photo-z depth and others. 

Here I will present the status of J-PAS, the main results of miniJPAS and how it impacts the expectations for J-PAS.

Date: 
Thursday, October 1, 2020 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Location: 
Zoom
Type of Event (for grouping events):

Jeong-Gyu Kim

Date: 
Thursday, October 29, 2020 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Location: 
Zoom
Type of Event (for grouping events):

Jeffrey Newman

Date: 
Thursday, December 3, 2020 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Location: 
Zoom
Type of Event (for grouping events):

Tracing the physics of the neutral and ionized ISM with the HI-MaNGA survey

The HI-MaNGA survey is an HI (21cm line) follow-up program for the SDSS-IV MaNGA survey.  I will describe the HI-MaNGA survey, its progress to date, and future plans.  I will then present new results where we combine HI-MaNGA and MaNGA data to investigate how the global HI content of star-forming galaxies relates to the mean properties of their ISM derived from optical emission lines, including integrated equivalent width, metallicity, ionization parameter, and the relative strength of low-ionization lines such as [SII] and [OI]. This analysis allows us to understand if and how the properties of the ISM vary between the most gas-rich galaxies to the most gas-poor, and how such variations may affect their evolution.  I will also discuss how gas content relates to the nuclear ionizing source (e.g., Seyfert, LINER, HII regions) and whether we find any evidence that AGN contribute to gas deficiency in the galaxy population.
Date: 
Thursday, September 3, 2020 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Location: 
Online by Zoom
Type of Event (for grouping events):

The role of binary star evolution and stochastic fluctuations in modeling stellar populations

I will discuss state of the art population synthesis models that improve on the following aspects with respect to most available models. (a) Treatment of the UV spectral range, including new evolutionary tracks and updated treatment of the ionizing radiation emitted by the stellar population. (b) Improved treatment of TP-AGB stars that dominate the NIR spectral range.  (c) Definition of new diagnostics to characterize the combined stellar and nebular emission and the cold ISM in galaxies. (d) The role of interacting binary stars on the integrated spectra of stellar populations will be discussed and compared with the effects produced by stochastic fluctuations in low mass populations. Single star models are available in a wide range of metallicity, from Z = 0 to Z = 0.06, and are ready to use to interpret the spectra of galaxies of any age at low and high redshift. Applications will be discussed.
Date: 
Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Location: 
BL 339
Type of Event (for grouping events):

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