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Christopher Crawford

Research Interests:
Nuclear Physics
  • Postdoctoral Associate, University of Tennessee, 2005–2007
  • Visiting Scientist, Los Alamos National Laboratory, 2005–2007
  • Ph.D. Nuclear Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2005
  • M.S. Physics, Brigham Young University, 1997
  • B.S. Math Physics, Brigham Young University, 1995

Experimental Nuclear Physics

  • precision tests of fundamental symmetries
  • hadronic weak interaction (HWI), hadronic structure
  • cold and ultra-cold neutrons, polarized targets

Symmetries help us to understand our physical universe, reducing diverse phenomena to universal laws. Noether's theorem makes a connection between continuous symmetries and conserved currents, such as energy and momentum. In particle physics, the difference in particle masses is attributed to spontaneous symmetry breaking.

Although discrete symmetries such as P (spatial parity), T (time reversal), and C (charge conjugation) are outside the scope of Noether's theorem, they offer a unique perspective of quantum mechanics. While classical laws are invariant under these discrete transformations, their trajectories are always continuous. In contrast, quantum transitions occur between discrete states, enabling new concepts such as spin angular momentum.

Of the four fundamental forces, P,C, and CP-violation have been observed only in the weak interaction. We are running a series of experiments at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), ORNL to measure P-violation in the weak nucleon-nucleon interaction (HWI), which is sensitive to quark-quark correlations in the proton and neutron. We are also involved in a precision measurement of the electric dipole moment of the neutron, which violates both P and T symmetries. This observable is sensitive to new physics at the same energy scale as the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at Cern.

Selected Publications:

Publications from INSPIRE-HEP database

  • BLAST Collaboration (C. Crawford et), "Measurement of proton electric to magnetic form factor ratio from \vec{p}(\vec{e},e'p)", Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 052301 (2007), nucl-ex/0609007.
  • T. M. Ito, C. B. Crawford and G. L. Greene, "Optimization of the Ballistic Guide Design for the SNS FNPB 8.9 A Neutron Line," Nucl. Instr. Meth. A564 414-423 (2006); physics/0604198.
  • J. Seely, C. Crawford, B. Clasie, W. Xu, D. Dutta, and H. Gao, "Laser-driven nuclear-polarized hydrogen internal gas target", Phys. Rev. A 73, 062714 (2006).
  • B. Clasie, C. Crawford, D. Dutta, H. Gao, J. Seely, and W. Xu, "A laser-driven target of high-density nuclear polarized hydrogen gas", Phys. Rev. A. 73, 020703(R) (2006).
  • W. Xu et al., "The Transverse Asymmetry AT' from Quasielastic \vec{3He}(\vec{e},e') Process and the Neutron Magnetic Form Factor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2900 (2000).

The course website is located at:  phy520_fa15